Posted by: Xhyra Graf | 19 January 2007

Model 31

The Courage Model

There are so many models of creativity that focus on the ways of thinking distinctive of it, that you can easily forget that we have as yet no

proof that any unusual ways of thinking are involved in it (remember the productivity model, for example). Not many models concentrate

on the morale, the character, the drive, and the courage of creating. The courage model was an early model of creativity, not followed up

with research (May, 1975; Munck, 2000; Piirto, 1998; Shaw et al, 1994).

One of the great powers of this model is its critique of the Torrence and other tests for creative mindsets. These tests give people some

objects and ask them how many things they can make out of those objects, or how many uses for such objects can they imagine. The total

number of such imagined uses and the cleverness of each and the breadth of fields and contexts touched on by them all are separate indicators

of the type of mentality that creative people have, so it is said. However, pure disembodied cognitive capabilities never were closely

related to human performance as anyone knows who has raised a child (who knows what to do but stubbornly refuses to do it, even when it

is in his own self interest). These traditional creativity tests omit the courage to actually follow a strange cognition when social forces, traditions,

parents, one’s own background and preferences oppose one. And the courage of facing one’s parents is different than the courage

of facing loneliness and the courage of facing heated opposition and backbiting colleagues. Various courages are involved in creating, not

a single type.

We can combine the productivity and courage models here by noting that ordinary cognitive processes if taken to very productive speeds

and accuracies then boosted by the courage to face and overcome various types of opposition, produce creativity.

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